Palm Beach Co. Settlement Results in Agreement, New Policy to Limit Solitary for Youth (2018)
After a lawsuit filed by the Legal Aid Society of Palm Beach County and the Human Rights Defense Center, the Palm Beach County Jail agreed to a settlement that significantly limit isolation for youth. In October 2018, the Florida Department of Justice filed a Statement of Interest in the case. According to the complaint in the litigation, the adult county jail kept children as young as 16-years-old in solitary in for periods as long as 18 months without exercise, education, or treatment. The youth in question were awaiting trial, meaning they had not been found guilty of anything. In addition to the Palm Beach Sheriff, the suit names the County School Board as a defendant for violating the Americans With Disabilities Act by failing to provide legally required educational services to youth in solitary. The lawsuit focuses on young males in solitary, since girls under age 18 who are charged as adults are kept in the jail’s medical unit.
Under the settlement, the jail will adopt new policy that still permits “segregated housing.” The sheriff’s department will use a rotating staff schedule to keep youth under the age of 18 who are charged as adults separated from other inmates to prevent isolation for administrative reasons. All youth in segregated housing will be permitted out of their cells “throughout the regular school day” with other youth in general population. These limits apply to all youth except those in protective custody.
Although the settlement does not limit the length of time that a youth can be in disciplinary solitary, it does mandates that, within 24 hours of isolation for any reason, the Sheriff’s Office and the School Board must meet and agree how to “allow equal access” to educational services and out-of-cell programming, as well as refer the youth to a mental health professional for evaluation. The sheriff’s office must also convene a weekly “Segregation Review Committee (SRC) meeting to review and plan for ways to accommodate each youth in segregation and evaluate alternative sanctions (alternative disciplinary sanctions must be established in an alternative behavior management policy, which must be drafted by Jan. 10, 2019).
FLORIDA SENATE BILL 812 (2013)
SB 812, or the Youth in Solitary Confinement Reduction Act, would have prohibited the Department of Corrections or a local facility from subjecting a youth to solitary confinement except under certain circumstances; prohibited youth from “emergency: cell confinement for more than 24 hours; prohibited a youth prisoner from being subjected to disciplinary cell confinement for more than 72 hours. The bill died in the Criminal Justice Committee in 2013.