Journal Articles

JOURNAL ARTICLES (alphabetical order)

Banishing Solitary: Litigating an End to the Solitary Confinement of Children in Jails and Prisons. New York University Journal of Law and Social Change, Ian Kysel, November 2015

Children and Solitary Confinement: A Call to Action. Pediatrics, 137(5), Owen, M., & Goldhagen, J., 2016

Children in Isolation: The Solitary Confinement of Youth. Wake Forest Law Review, Tamar Birckhead, Spring 2015

Do No Harm: The Enhanced Application of Legal and Professional Standards in Protecting Youth from the Harm of Isolation in Youth Correctional Facilities. Children’s Legal Rights Journal, Kim Brooks Tandy, January 2014

The Effect of Solitary Confinement on Institutional Misconduct: A Longitudinal Evaluation. Ryan Labrecque, PhD diss., University of Cincinnati 2015

This dissertation provides a longitudinal evaluation of the effect of solitary confinement on institutional misconduct in a sample adult inmates in Ohio. The results of this study indicate that solitary did not have any significant effect on the prevalence or incidence of subsequent violent, nonviolent, or drug misconduct in institutions.

The Eight Amendment Evolves: Cruel and Unusual Punishment Through the Lens of Childhood and Adolescence. University of Pennsylvania Journal of Law and Social Change, Marsha Levick, Jessica Feierman, Sharon Messenheimer Kelley, Naomi Goldstein, 2012

The Harmful Use of Isolation in Juvenile Facilities: The Need for Post Disposition Representation. Washington University School of Law Journal of Law and Policy, Sandra Simkins, Marty Beyer, Lisa Geis, January, 2012

Juvenile Solitary Confinement as a Form of Child Abuse, Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 45(3), 350-357, Andrew Clark, 2017

Lonely Too Long: Redefining and Reforming Juvenile Solitary Confinement, Fordham Law Review, 85(2), 845-876, Jessica Lee, 2016

Mental Health Care of Detained Youth and Solitary Confinement and Restraint Within Juvenile Detention Facilities. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 25(1), 71-80, Whitley, K., & Rozel, J. S., 2016

Psychiatric Effects of Solitary Confinement. Journal of Law and Policy, Stuart Grassian, 2016

Stop Solitary for Kids: The Path Forward to End Solitary Confinement of Children. Protecting Children against Torture in Detention: Global Solutions for a Global Problem, American University Washington College of Law’s Center for Human Rights & Humanitarian Law: Anti-Torture Initiative (2017). Download the entire publication here.

This article describes movement towards ending solitary confinement for youth in the United States within an international context, and draws lessons for future reform. It includes work done at the facility level, through legislation, litigation, and policy change, as well as significant federal support in recent years.